In June of 1931, Arthur and Edith Lee purchased a home in the Field Neighborhood of Minneapolis for their family. Immediately following, the family experienced pushback, threats, and violence from their white neighborhoods and the broader community. Although the threats to the family eventually subsided, the family ultimately chose to sell their home two years later in 1933 and move to the historically Black Central neighborhood. In 2014, the home was registered as a National Historic Place making it one of only a few places registered relating to BIPOC.
CEDAR ISLES DEAN NEIGHBORHOOD
WALTON HILLS DEVELOPMENT
During its construction, the Walton Hills Development of the Cedar Isles Dean neighborhood advertised racial covenants for those interested in purchasing property. The Underwriting Manual of the FHA compounded the restrictions of racial covenants of new and existing homes through language that suggested protection from "adverse influences" via geographic separation such as rivers, creeks, or lakes. Once residential homogeneity was achieved, realtors were "obligated" to maintain that homogeneity in interest of maintaining property values.
Urban Determinants is a group Master's Final Project for the Master of Architecture Program at the University of Minnesota designed by
Ashleigh Grizzell, Erin Kindell, MacKenzie Kusler and Adam Rosenthal and advised by Vahan Misakyan.